Pegi Setiawan Bebas dari Tahanan Polda Jabar, Lempar Senyum-Lambaikan Tangan

Pegi Setiawan resmi bebas usai praperadilan dikabulkan. (Rifat Alhamidi/detikcom)


Jakarta – Praperadilan Pegi Setiawan yang dikabulkan Pengadilan Negeri (PN) Bandung menggugurkan status tersangkanya dalam kasus pembunuhan Vina Cirebon. Pegi Setiawan resmi bebas dari Mapolda Jabar.
Dilansir detikJabar, Pegi keluar dari ruang tahanan Direktorat Perawatan Tahanan dan Barang Bukti (Dittahti) Polda Jabar, Senin (8/7/2024) sekitar pukul 21.39 WIB. Kebebasan Pegi sudah disambut keluarga hingga kuasa hukumnya yang datang ke Polda Jabar.

Setelah resmi bebas, Pegi yang mengenakan kaus kuning terlihat berulang kali melemparkan senyum. Pegi mengucapkan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang telah mendukungnya hingga bisa bebas dari kasus Vina Cirebon.


“Saya mengucapkan terima kasih banyak terhadap masyarakat Indonesia. Terima kasih banyak kepada Bapak Presiden Joko Widodo, kepada Presiden terpilih Bapak Prabowo Subianto dan tim lainnya,” kata Pegi di Mapolda Jabar.

“Dan saya mengucapkan terima kasih kepada netizen Indonesia yang telah mendukung saya dan mau mendoakan saya. Terima kasih juga kepada tim kuasa hukum yang selama ini sudah membela saya,” ucap Pegi menambahkan.


Setelah resmi bebas, Pegi mengaku dalam kondisi sehat. “Sehat, alhamdulillah. Di sini seperti biasa, sehari-hari paling tidur, makan, tidur, makan,” ungkapnya.

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15 Destinasi Instagrammable di Bali yang Harus Sobat Pesona Kunjungi

Siapa yang tidak menginginkan koleksi foto Instagram yang indah dan memuaskan secara visual sekaligus menampilkan petualangan yang menakjubkan? Bagi mereka yang merencanakan perjalanan liburan ke Bali, 15 destinasi ini akan menjamin foto-foto yang Sobat Pesona ambil menjadi sangat indah!

1 | Banyumala Twin Waterfall

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

Tidak hanya terkenal dan sering dikunjungi seperti berbagai tujuan wisata lainnya di Bali, Banyumala Twin Waterfall masih terjaga kelestariannya. Air terjun yang menakjubkan ini berada di jalan tepi kawah antara Munduk dan jalan utama dari Singaraja menuju Denpasar. Definisi “nothing worth having comes easy”, sesuai dengan sulitnya pendakian untuk mencari dan mencapainya, tetapi Sobat Pesona akan terpuaskan ketika sampai pada lokasi ini. Sepanjang perjalan Sobat Pesona akan dikelilingi dengan hijaunya pepohonan, bebatuan dan sungai hingga Sobat Pesona mencapai air terjunnya. Kunjungi Banyumala Twin Waterfall untuk waktu relaksasi, dimana lokasi ini sangat cocok untuk bersantai selama liburan!

2 | Campuhan Ridge Walk

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

Selain pesona ombaknya, Bali juga populer dengan wisata alam yang menakjubkan. Satu hal yang harus Sobat Pesona kunjungi adalah Campuhan Ridge Walk. Terletak di Ubud yang modern dan ramai, jalur pendakian lembah pegunungan yang indah ini jelas merupakan tempat yang terbaik untuk melepas penat dan menghirup udara segar.Di sepanjang perjalanan Sobat Pesona akan menempuh jalur perbukitan yang terbentang sepanjang 9 kilometer, Sobat Pesona akan ditemani oleh pemandangan lereng bukit yang paling menakjubkan dan lembah hijau Sungai Wos. Jika Sobat Pesona beruntung dan cuacanya cukup baik, Gunung Agung yang gagah menjulang di antara perbukitan dapat terlihat jelas. Lokasi ini memang benar-benar bisa menambah petualangan Sobat Pesona di Bali jadi indah dan menakjubkan!

3 | Pura Gunung Kawi 

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @mj.away

Salah satu situs arkeologi paling paling unik di Pulau Bali adalah Pura Gunung Kawi yang terdiri dari koleksi relief kuno yang diukir di atas permukaan tebing batu. Dengan mengunjungi situs ini, Sobat Pesona akan disuguhi pemandangan Sungai Pakerisan yang menakjubkan serta halaman Pura yang bernuansa Pura Hindu kuno dengan sentuhan modern. Pura ini mudah ditemukan dan merupakan destinasi yang penting untuk ditambahkan ke rencana perjalanan Sobat Pesona di Bali. Sebelum memasuki situs, Sobat Pesona akan menaiki anak tangga, dan akan ditawarkan vas dari tanah yang berisikan air suci dimana Sobat Pesona perlu memercikkannya air ke diri sendiri sebelum memasuki kompleks Pura. Pengalaman yang sangat eksotis ini, pantas mendapat tempat khusus dalam bucket list Sobat Pesona! Jadi tunggu apa lagi? Segera kunjungi Pura Gunung Kawi!

4 | Taman Budaya GWK

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

Sedang mencari ide perjalanan yang kaya akan budaya, dengan monumen bersejarah yang megah, atraksi tarian tradisional yang eksotis, dan acara yang penuh adrenalin dalam satu perhentian? Nah, Sobat Pesona tinggal mengunjungi Taman Budaya GWK. Saksikan berbagai keindahan tarian Bali seperti tarian Kecak yang eksotis, tarian Legong yang megah, serta banyak tarian lainnya yang memukau ditampilkan di sini. Jangan lupa untuk bersantai di sisi Kolam Teratai GWK sambil mengamati kemegahan patung Garuda Wisnu Kencana yang menjulang setinggi 120 meter dan dibangun selama 28 tahun. Perjalanan seru seperti ini pastilah akan membuat liburan Sobat Pesona menjadi tak terlupakan.

5 | Handara Golf Course Gate

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @sam_kolder

Gerbang ikonik ini juga bisa menjadi salah satu tempat yang paling menarik untuk konten Instagram Sobat Pesona! Dengan pemandangan hijau yang indah dan suasana yang damai, tak heran jika orang banyak mengunjungi Bali akan menyempatkan untuk datang ke sini. Selain gerbang tradisional Bali yang megah dan eksotis, manjakan mata dan hiasi foto Sobat Pesona dengan pemandangan siluet bukit hijau yang menakjubkan. Buat kagum juga teman-teman Sobat Pesona dengan foto keren di Handara Golf Course Gate!

6 | Pantai Kelingking Nusa Penida

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @annabeerends

Bali memiliki pantai yang menakjubkan dan sangat terkenal di seluruh penjuru dunia karena keindahan alamnya. Pantai Kelingking akan membawa Sobat Pesona ke pengalaman di tingkat yang jauh lebih tinggi. Sebagai salah satu tempat yang paling menakjubkan di Bali, Pantai Kelingking layak dimasukan ke dalam daftar tempat yang wajib Sobat Pesona kunjungi di Bali. Lokasi ini tersohor dengan tebing yang membentuk T-Rex juga pantai indah yang bagai surga tersembunyi. Jalan menuju lokasi ini beberapa berupa tebing-tebing yang curam dan belum memiliki pengamanan yang maksimum, sehingga Sobat Pesona perlu berhati-hati dan memperhatikan tiap langkah serta mengikuti peraturan yang ada. Sobat Pesona akan terpana menyaksikan pemandangan yang menakjubkan dimana perairan biru yang jernih membingkai tebing T-Rex yang ikonik. Sobat Pesona juga dapat melihat pantai tersembunyi di antara tebing-tebing yang hanya dapat diakses secara sangat hati-hati melalui jalan kecil menyusuri anak tangga yang cukup curam.
                                   

7 | Pura Luhur Lempuyang

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @charlene22

Tempat favorit Instagramable berikutnya adalah Pura Luhur Lempuyang. Destinasi ini adalah Pura gunung kuno yang terletak di Bali Timur. Pura ini diyakini telah berdiri sebelum sebagian besar Pura Hindu di Bali berdiri, serta terletak di 1.175 meter diatas permukaan laut. Ketinggian yang dapat dicapai dengan menaiki anak tangga yang mencapai lebih dari 1.700 buah, dengan banyak spot menarik di sepanjang jalannya, termasuk beberapa Pura yang lebih kecil. Bagi Sobat Pesona yang mencari petualangan dan menyukai pendakian dicampurkan dengan pengalaman melihat situs arkeologi yang eksotis, tempat ini tidak boleh dilewatkan. Tetapi tidak perlu khawatir! Untuk Sobat Pesona yang kurang menyukai hiking, tetap dapat menikmati pemandangan yang menakjubkan dari kaki gunung. Pemandangan eksotis, tradisional, bersejarah dan menakjubkan, sangat sempurna untuk membuat liburan yang tak terlupakan!

8 | Pura Ulun Danu Bratan

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @sergeykbn

Sebuah landmark terkenal yang indah dan bersejarah, Pura Ulun Danu Bratan adalah destinasi wisata yang sangat populer bagi turis lokal maupun mancanegara. Terletak di posisi strategis di jalan yang menyambungkan Bali Utara dan Selatan. Pura ikonik ini dikelilingi perairan yang tenang bagaikan cermin yang seakan-akan membuat Pura ini melayang. Pura ini telah menjadi spot berfoto favorit bagi banyak orang mulai dari yang menggunakan kamera Polaroid, kamera Digital, hingga era kamera smartphone untuk foto Instagram sekarang ini. Walaupun daya tarik utamanya adalah Pura terapung, tetapi seluruh kompleks Pura sendiri akan memberikan pengalaman bersejarah dengan atmosfer yang menenangkan yang tidak ingin Sobat Pesona lewatkan!

9 | Tanah Lot

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @nastasiaspassport


Salah satu destinasi yang sangat penting di Bali adalah Tanah Lot, Pura Hindu kuno yang eksotis terletak di atas karang yang menantang deru ombak. Terkenal karena posisi lepas pantainya yang unik yang menjadikan Tanah Lot sebagai salah satu lokasi paling menakjubkan untuk memandang matahari terbenam. Tanah Lot merupakan tempat ikonik yang harus Sobat Pesona tuju untuk pengalaman Bali yang seutuhnya. Tanah Lot merupakan salah satu destinasi paling populer bagi para wisatawan karena situs ini menawarkan semua keunikan kebudayaan Tradisional Bali. Sobat Pesona juga dapat memilih banyak suvenir dan membawa pulang sebagian Bali ke rumah! Mulai dari topeng, tas dan banyak suvenir tradisional lainnya.  

10 | Terasering Tegalalang

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @samisfierce

Terletak strategis di Ubud yang ramai dan populer, Terasering Tegalalang menawarkan pemandangan persawahan yang megah. Terasering ini menawarkan lukisan alam yang memukau bagi para pengunjungnya, dimana hamparan persawahan menghijau di antara perbukitan yang segar. Pemandangan pepohonan yang rimbun yang menjulang dari hutan di sekitaran, juga sangat cocok bagi Sobat Pesona yang ingin tenang bersantai menghirup udara segar dan terbebas dari keriuhan perkotaan. Sebuah tempat yang pasti akan membuat kenangan indah untuk Sobat Pesona!

11 | The Bali Swing

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

The Bali Swing menjadi tempat yang sangat populer dan hype sebagai spot yang Instagramable. Di sini terdapat beberapa ayunan yang berada di ketinggian yang bervariasi sambil menghadap ke lembah pohon palem indah yang berpadu dengan gemercik sungai yang menyejukkan. Suasana hutan Bali yang asri di sekitar lokasi ini, pasti bisa memikat hati Sobat Pesona. Pastikan untuk mengunjungi di waktu yang tepat karena antusiasme terhadap tempat ini dan pemandangan yang menakjubkan tentunya menarik banyak pengunjung. Hal yang wajib dilakukan juga adalah memastikan untuk datang pada kondisi cuaca terbaik, juga pada saat golden hour. Datanglah pagi hari dan dapatkan cahaya lembut untuk menghasilkan foto yang terbaik! Selamat bergaya!

12 | Tirta Empul

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

Terletak di Desa Manukaya di bagian tengah Bali, kompleks Pura yang memikat mata dan air suci dari gunung ini adalah situs warisan budaya nasional yang memiliki latar legenda mengenai kisah kebaikan melawan kejahatan. Tirta Empul yang berarti ‘mata air suci’ sebenarnya adalah nama sumber air yang terletak di dalam Pura. Mata air ini mengalir ke berbagai pemandian tempat memurnikan diri, dan kolam-kolam ikan yang mengelilingi batas luar Pura, sebelum akhirnya mengalir ke Sungai Tukad Pakerisan. Lokasi ini cocok untuk Sobat Pesona yang tertarik pada sejarah, mitos dan legenda Bali. Momen upacara adat juga termasuk prosesi yang menakjubkan untuk disaksikan.

13 | Tirta Gangga Water Palace

Terkenal karena taman airnya yang megah, Tirta Gangga telah menjadi salah satu tujuan utama bagi penggemar estetika untuk datang dan berfoto disana. Seperti kompleks pemandian lainnya, taman ini terdiri dari taman tropis, kolam berendam, juga kolam ikan. Ada juga air mancur yang dikelilingi oleh rumput yang dipotong rapi dan dihiasi dengan batu loncatan, patung indah, dan taman tropis. Lokasi destinasi ini, terletak di desa Ababi, sekitar 75 km sebelah timur Denpasar. Perpaduan antara suasana ketenangan dan arsitektur tradisional Bali yang amat menarik, akan membuat koleksi foto liburan di Instagram Sobat Pesona lebih inspiratif.

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Dalam foto @beatrizazzevedo, Foto dan Edit oleh @thegingerwanderlust dan @lorenzowanderlust

14 | Pura Uluwatu

Memiliki nama asli Pura Luhur Uluwatu, Pura ini adalah salah satu dari 6 Pura utama yang diyakini sebagai pilar spiritual Bali. Pura Uluwatu juga terkenal karena lokasinya yang luar biasa. Berdiri megah di atas tebing curam sekitar 70 meter diatas permukaan laut. Sulit untuk tidak mengakui Pura Uluwatu sebagai salah satu tempat di urutan teratas untuk menikmati matahari terbenam dengan pemandangan langsung menghadap samudera Hindia, sambil diiringi pertunjukan tari Kecak yang membahana. Tampilan menakjubkan ini akan membuat gambaran yang sempurna di Instagram Sobat Pesona! Jangan lupa untuk datang sebelum jam matahari terbenam ya!

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali
Sumber foto @mindz.eye

15 | Wanagiri Hidden Hills Lookout

Destinasi yang terletak di bagian Utara Bali ini, nampaknya sudah sering ini muncul di unggahan Instagram banyak orang. Wanagiri Hidden Hills Lookout memiliki atraksi populer yaitu sarang burung raksasa, ayunan, dan lokasi pandang yang mengarah langsung ke danau. Ada berbagai spot foto yang bisa Sobat Pesona pilih untuk mendapatkan banyak foto keren untuk Instagram. Kira-kira dibutuhkan perjalanan selama satu setengah jam untuk mencapai destinasi ini dari Canggu. Pastikan sampai ke tempat ini sebelum matahari terbenam, sehingga Sobat Pesona sempat menyaksikan pemandangan matahari terbenam yang tidak akan terlupakan.

15 Instagrammable Destinations You Must Visit in Bali

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Klasemen Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 usai Indonesia Tekuk Filipina 2-0

Jakarta – Kemenangan atas Filipina memastikan Indonesia melaju ke putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 zona Asia. Garuda lolos sebagai runner-up Grup F di bawah Irak.
Bermain di Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno, Selasa (11/6/2024), skuad asuhan Shin Tae-yong menang 2-0 berkat gol tembakan jarak jauh Thom Haye pada menit ke-32 dan sundulan Rizky Ridho pada menit ke-56.

Tambahan 3 poin membuat Indonesia finis di posisi dua klasemen Grup F dengan 10 poin dari enam laga, hasil tiga kemenangan dari sekali seri. Posisi Merah Putih takkan bisa disalip Vietnam yang baru meraih 6 poin dari lima laga, terlepas hasil mereka melawan Irak yang akan digelar Rabu (12/6) pukul 01.00 WIB.


Indonesia akan menjalani putaran ketiga pada September 2024 – Juni 2025. 18 negara yang lolos dibagi ke dalam tiga grup, masing-masing berisi enam tim. Dua tim teratas lolos langsung ke Piala Dunia, sedangkan peringkat 3-4 akan menjalani putaran empat untuk memperebutkan sisa dua tiket langsung.

Keberhasilan menapak ke putaran tiga juga memastikan Indonesia lolos langsung ke Piala Asia 2027 yang akan digelar di Arab Saudi. Sedangkan Vietnam dan Filipina yang tersisih dari Kualifikasi Piala Dunia akan beralih mengikuti putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Asia demi raih sisa enam tiket yang tersedia.

Klasemen Grup F usai Indonesia mengalahkan Filipina 2-0

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Israeli tanks reach central Rafah as strikes continue

Rushdi Abu Alouf,David GrittenShare

Reuters A man and a young boy walk among ruins in Rafah

Israeli forces have reportedly reached the centre of the southern Gaza city of Rafah and seized a strategically important hill overlooking the nearby border with Egypt.

Witnesses and local journalists said tanks were stationed at al-Awda roundabout, which is considered a key landmark.

They also said tanks were on Zoroub Hill, effectively giving Israel control of the Philadelphi Corridor – a narrow strip of land running along the border to the sea.

The Israeli military said its troops were continuing activities against “terror targets” in Rafah, three weeks after it launched the ground operation there.

Western areas of the city also came under intense bombardment overnight, residents said, despite international condemnation of an Israeli air strike and a resulting fire on Sunday that killed dozens of Palestinians at a tented camp for displaced people.

The Israeli military said it was investigating the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons stored by Hamas in the vicinity.

It also denied reports from local health and emergency services officials on Tuesday afternoon that tank shells had hit another camp in al-Mawasi, on the coast west of Rafah, killing at least 21 people.

Reuters news agency cited local health officials as saying the blast occurred after Israeli tank shells hit a cluster of tents in al-Mawasi on Tuesday. An official in the Hamas-run civil defence force also told AFP there had been a deadly Israeli strike on tents.

Videos posted to social media and analysed by BBC Verify showed multiple people with serious injuries, some lying motionless on the ground, near tents and other temporary structures.

There was no clear sign of a blast zone or crater, making it impossible to ascertain the cause of the incident. The location – verified through reference to surrounding buildings – is between Rafah and al-Mawasi, and lies south of the IDF’s designated humanitarian zone.

The IDF said in a statement: “Contrary to the reports from the last few hours, the IDF did not strike in the humanitarian area in al-Mawasi.”

Israel has insisted that victory in its seven-month war with Hamas in Gaza is impossible without taking Rafah and rejected warnings that it could have catastrophic humanitarian consequences.

The UN says around a million people have now fled the fighting in Rafah, but several hundred thousand more could still be sheltering there.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) began what they called “targeted” ground operations against Hamas fighters and infrastructure in the east of Rafah on 6 May.

Since then, tanks and troops have gradually pushed into built-up eastern and central areas while also moving northwards along the 13km (8-mile) border with Egypt.

On Tuesday, they reportedly reached the city centre for the first time.

The al-Awda roundabout, which is only 800m (2,600 ft) from the border, is the location of major banks, government institutions, businesses, and shops.

One witness said they saw soldiers position themselves at the top of a building overlooking the roundabout and then begin to shoot at anyone who was moving.

Video posted online meanwhile showed tank track marks on a road about 3km west of al-Awda roundabout and 300m from the Indonesian field hospital, which was damaged overnight.

Reuters A Palestinian girl sits on top of possessions being transported by a cart in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
The UN says around a million people have fled Rafah since the start of the Israeli ground operation in the city

Earlier, residents told the BBC that tanks seized Zoroub Hill, about 2.5km north-west of al-Awda roundabout, after gun battles with Hamas-led fighters.

The hill is highest point along the Egyptian border and its seizure means the entire Gazan side of the border is now effectively under Israeli control.

Zoroub Hill also overlooks western Rafah, where residents said there had been the heaviest air and artillery strikes overnight since the start of the Israeli operation.

A local journalist said the bombardment forced hundreds of families to seek temporary shelter in the courtyard of a hospital, while ambulances struggled to reach casualties in the affected areas.

At dawn, thousands of people were seen heading north, crammed into cars and lorries and onto carts pulled by donkeys and horses.

“The explosions are rattling our tent, my children are frightened, and my sick father makes it impossible for us to escape the darkness,” resident Khaled Mahmoud told the BBC.

“We are supposed to be in a safe zone according to the Israeli army, yet we have not received evacuation orders like those in the eastern [Rafah] region,” he added. “We fear for our lives if no-one steps in to protect us.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) did not comment on the various reports but put out a statement saying that “overnight troops operated on the Philadelphi Corridor while conducting precise operational activity based on intelligence indicating the presence of terror targets in the area”.

“The activity is being conducted as efforts are continuing to be made in order to prevent harm to uninvolved civilians in the area,” it added.

“The troops are engaging with terrorists in close-quarters combat and locating terror tunnel shafts, weapons, and additional terrorist infrastructure in the area.”

The IDF has told civilians in eastern Rafah to evacuate for their own safety to an “expanded humanitarian area” stretching from al-Mawasi, a coastal area just north of Rafah, to the central town of Deir al-Balah.

EPA A Palestinian woman reacts next to tents destroyed by a fire triggered by an Israeli air strike in western Rafah on Sunday, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
Israel’s prime minister said the killing of civilians in an air strike and resulting fire in Rafah on Sunday was a “tragedy”

On Sunday night, at least 45 people – more than half of them children, women and the elderly – were killed when an Israeli air strike triggered a huge fire in a camp for displaced people near a UN logistics base in the Tal al-Sultan area, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

Hundreds more were treated for severe burns, fractures and shrapnel wounds.

The IDF said it was targeting two senior Hamas officials in the attack, which happened hours after Hamas fighters in south-eastern Rafah launched rockets towards the Israeli city of Tel Aviv for the first time in months.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said a “tragic incident” had occurred “despite our immense efforts to avoid harming non-combatants” and promised a thorough investigation.

IDF chief spokesman Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari said on Tuesday that the strike had targeted a structure used by the Hamas commanders which was away from any tents, using “two munitions with small warheads”.

“Following this strike, a large fire ignited for reasons that are still being investigated. Our munitions alone could not have ignited a fire of this size,” he said.

Rear Adm Hagari added that investigators were looking into the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons or ammunition stored in a nearby structure, and played what he said was an intercepted telephone conversation between two Gazans suggesting that. The audio recording could not immediately be verified.

Sam Rose of the UN agency for Palestinian refugees, Unrwa, told the BBC from western Rafah that the killing of so many civilians could not be dismissed as an accident.

“Gaza was already one of the most overcrowded places on the planet. It is absolutely impossible to prosecute a military campaign involving large-scale munitions, strikes from the sky, the sea, the tanks, without exacting large-scale civilian casualties,” he said.

“It seems like we are plumbing new depths of horror, bloodshed and brutality with every single day. And if this isn’t a wake-up call, then it’s hard to see what will be.”

Last week, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to “immediately halt its military offensive, and any other action in the Rafah Governorate, which may inflict on the Palestinian group in Gaza conditions of life that could bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part”.

Israel launched a military campaign in Gaza to destroy Hamas in response to the group’s cross-border attack on southern Israel on 7 October, during which about 1,200 people were killed and 252 others were taken hostage.

At least 36,090 people have been killed in Gaza since then, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

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BBC/KATHERINA TSE A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is to pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing
A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing

With the Chinese economy facing massive challenges, there have been concerns over its growth potential, at least in the immediate future.

Yet a key exception is emerging in the form of domestic tourism.

Last week’s five-day public holiday to mark labour day saw 295 million trips made within China, according to figures from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. This was 28% higher than pre-pandemic figures recorded in 2019.

The Transport Ministry’s figures are also staggering: 92 million rail trips; almost 10 million air trips and 1.25 billion highway journeys.

However, this comes as international arrivals continue to lag, with foreigners currently entering China at barely 30% of 2019 levels. Why the disparity?

The beautiful historical river town of Wuzhen, a short drive from Shanghai, is considered one of China’s top visitor sites for travellers of all types. When we arrive the little pathways and old bridges which cross narrow waterways are filled with visitors.

A popular thing to do in Wuzhen is to pose for photos dressed in traditional hanfu clothing – as if you have really been transported back hundreds of years.

Two women in their 20s, friends since high school, are visiting from Jilin Province in the north east. After arriving, they spend an hour getting their hair done in an elaborate imperial-era style – and they are full of praise for Wuzhen’s classical beauty.

We ask if, following the post-Covid opening up, many of their family and other friends have been travelling much? “Of course, after the pandemic, we’re all visiting other places.”

Nearby a local man who is selling ice-creams also says tourist numbers are “not that bad lately”.

As good as before Covid? “Almost the same,” he replies.

Shopkeeper Wang Ying, who sells traditional snacks, echoes this sentiment with a big smile on her face. “Business is going well, and it’ll only get better.”

BBC/KATHERINA TSE Wuzhen is considered one of China's top visitor sites
Wuzhen is considered one of China’s top visitor sites

All this will be seen as good news for the Chinese government. It’s been saying that a push on domestic consumption can counter the significant faltering portions of the economy.

Major players in the once-mighty property sector are struggling to stay afloat, local government debt continues to rise, and persistent youth unemployment has left highly qualified university graduates uncertain of their future.

Amid all these challenges, the Communist Party has set a target of “around 5%” GDP growth for this year. Apart from the fact that analysts have long questioned the veracity of the country’s official growth figures, economists are also asking how such a target can be reached, in any genuine sense, in 2024 without significant extra stimulus.

One lifeline could be a more buoyant travel scene which could bring broader business opportunities and greater service industry employment.

Schubert Lou, chief operating officer at travel agency Trip.com, told the BBC: “We’ve seen very strong domestic travel demand with search volumes in hotels up 67% compared to last year, and flight volumes up 80%.”

Tourism industry consultant Peng Han from Travel Daily is following the investment trail to see how the business community really views the possibilities in the sector.

“With famous international hotel brands – like Intercontinental, Marriott and Hilton – you just have to look at their growth in China in 2023,” he says. “Then check the performance goals for these large hotel groups in 2024 which have also been set relatively high. This shows that they are very optimistic about the growth potential of the Chinese market.”

But, while the volume of local travellers might be up, Mr Peng does point to the problem of per capita consumption which remains persistently low.

He says general uncertainty about the Chinese economy is putting more emphasis on saving, so people are looking for good value options. They are going on holidays and paying for things but doing so much more frugally.

This is where an increase in big-spending foreigners could help. But they are simply not travelling to China in the numbers they used to.

In 2019, nearly 98 million international visitors came to the country. Last year it was only 35 million – including business trips, students and the like. Mr Lou describes the domestic versus international market as “uneven”.

For many in the tourism industry here specialising in services for foreign travellers, “uneven” would be an understatement. Three years of harsh Covid prevention measures drove down arrivals from other countries, but that alone can’t account for the current situation.

Huang Songshan, the head of the Centre for Tourism Research in the School of Business and Law at Australia’s Edith Cowan University, blames this weakness in part to “the shifting geopolitical landscape globally”.

Getty Images Chinese performer
China’s culture and heritage has traditionally been a big draw for tourists

In the peer-reviewed East Asia Forum, he pointed to a 2023 survey carried out by the Pew Research Centre, writing that, “Most individuals in Western nations hold unfavourable views towards China. The Chinese government’s tightening grip on societal regulations could potentially cause discomfort for foreign travellers in China.”

Official travel advice from some governments echo this sentiment, at times quite harshly.

Washington warns potential travellers to “reconsider travel to Mainland China due to the arbitrary enforcement of local laws, including in relation to exit bans, and the risk of wrongful detentions”.

Australia advises “a high degree of caution” warning that “Australians may be at risk of arbitrary detention or harsh enforcement of local laws, including broadly defined National Security Laws”.

The political environment has also taken a toll on flight availability and price. This is especially the case with connections to and from North America. Last month’s 332 scheduled round trips between China and the US contrasts with 1,506 in April 2019.

As a result, finding a seat on a direct flight can be extremely difficult and those that are available are very expensive.

President Xi Jinping made a speech at a dinner on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation conference in San Francisco last November addressing this point. “Today, President Biden and I reached important consensus,” he told the crowd.

“Our two countries will roll out more measures to facilitate travels and promote people-to-people exchanges, including increasing direct passenger flights, holding a high-level dialogue on tourism, and streamlining visa application procedures. We hope that our two peoples will make more visits, contacts and exchanges and write new stories of friendship in the new era.”

Washington has since increased the number of Chinese airline flights permitted to land – but only from 35 per week to 50. It is still well short of the 150 weekly trips pre-Covid.

The Biden administration is coming under pressure from unions and US airlines to not increase this any further because, they argue, Chinese airlines have an unfair advantage over them as they have state support; don’t face the same onerous Chinese regulations; and, crucially, can fly over Russian airspace, making trips shorter and cheaper.

A letter to the US government from the Chair of the House Committee on China, Mike Gallagher, and the committee’s top Democrat representative, Raja Krishnamoorthi, reads: “Should the US-China passenger carrier market expand without the US government addressing these significant issues, US aviation workers, travellers and airlines will pay a hefty price tag.”

Mr Lou says the frequency of international flight connections is definitely having an impact.

“What we are seeing right now, based on civil aviation data, is that inbound flight capacity won’t get back to even 80% of 2019 [levels] by the end of 2024.”

Then there are other potential turnoffs for those considering travelling in China, like the country’s state-of-the-art phone app payment and booking systems which work very smoothly for Chinese citizens and residents, but which can be an enormous headache if you have just arrived.

There are certain sites, transport options, and purchases which can only be accessed via Chinese electronic apps which are, at times, only available in Chinese.

Professor Chen Yong at Switzerland’s EHL Hospitality Business School is an authority on the economics of tourism in China. He thinks that hurdles relating to payment and booking apps can pose a real problem.

“Technologies such as social network websites, online maps, payment apps, among others, which foreigners have long been accustomed to using, are either unavailable or inaccessible when they travel to China,” he says.

“On the other hand, there are Chinese alternatives to these technologies that remain inaccessible to foreigners due to language barriers and differences in user habits. We need to bridge this divide because it affects the tourist industry badly.”

Back in Wuzhen, the presence of international travellers is much smaller than in years gone by, but there are still a few foreign faces in the crowd.

An Italian couple says the process of linking up to and using China’s payment apps was a challenge but that it was not insurmountable, though they add, with a laugh, that it is “much, much, much easier” if you have a Chinese friend to help you.

BBC/KATHERINA TSE Woman and child pose for selfies
Chinese officials have acknowledged that the foreign traveller numbers have been low but they are trying to turn this around

Eliseo, from California, says he has had problems making payments to small vendors who don’t accept credit cards and really no longer deal with cash. Another hurdle for him has been his bank at home which has blocked some payments, flagging them as potentially fraudulent coming from China.

Chinese officials have acknowledged that the foreign traveller numbers have been low but they are now trying to turn this around.

One way they’re attempting to attract more foreign visitors is by increasing the number of countries whose citizens don’t need a visa to enter. Trip.com says this resulted in an almost immediate increase in passenger arrivals from Southeast Asia.

In 23 Chinese cities, transit passengers from more than 50 countries are also able to stay for a few days visa free if they have an onward ticket. In Shanghai, hotels above a three-star level have been told that they should prepare to deal with international credit cards and an initial batch of 50 taxis have also started accepting them.

However, Professor Chen says “it would be too optimistic to envision a long-term growth in China’s inbound tourism”.

“The key is to establish a culture that puts service providers in the shoes of foreign tourists. They should imagine themselves being a foreigner who can’t speak or read Chinese and who doesn’t have a Chinese mobile number, payments apps and so on.”

He says that the culture around this can’t be changed overnight.

Yet, in places like Wuzhen – where the local travellers have already returned – the tourism companies are hoping that incredible sites like theirs will eventually be too much for foreigners to resist as well.

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Lok Sabha 2024: The influencers driving India’s big election

BBC InfluencersBBCInfluencers like Ranting Gola (left) and Sham Sharma are using their social media presence to promote political parties

Just weeks before the first ballot was cast in this year’s Indian election, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was at an event in Delhi rubbing shoulders with people known by names like BeerBiceps and Curly Tales.

The event – an awards show, congratulating some of the country’s top social media stars on their work – was an acknowledgement of the power of the influencer which a few years ago may have seemed unimaginable.

And as politicians prepared to battle it out for India’s billion votes, these influencers were being lined up to play a crucial role in reaching the young, the disinterested and the disillusioned.

But even as some celebrate social media’s democratisation of the media – a place where any one can share their views freely – others paint a darker picture, one where threats are rife, and the truth can be set aside for the right pay cheque.

A decade ago, you would have struggled to find anyone calling themselves an “influencer”.

But now, says Vinay Deshpande, co-founder of Rajneethi, a political management consultant firm, “it’s become a profession”.

“I know teenagers who are doing this part-time to earn pocket money.”

Pocket money underplays the earning potential somewhat, however. At the lower end, people can charge around 2,000 rupees ($24; £19) a day, but top influencers can pull in about 500,000 rupees for a post – equivalent to the monthly salary of someone in top-level management.

The creator of the Ranting Gola channel revealed to the BBC that political parties and election management firms have offered as much as “100,000 to 500,000 rupees for a single campaign”.

It is no small amount – but then, it could turn the tide in a candidate’s favour.

Influencers
Presentational grey line

Mr Deshpande says they have helped an opposition candidate win an assembly election by pushing out content through a curated list of local influencers with a small but active following.

“Social media content is powerful and can influence the way a person feels about an issue,” Mr Deshpande says. “It gives social currency to a belief or opinion – but this can lead to a lack of critical thinking about an issue,” he adds.

Preethi Aggarwal, 25, is one of those who turns to apps like Instagram, YouTube and Twitter to help her understand the news.

Like thousands of others, Ms Aggarwal follows a bunch of “political influencers”, or people who talk about politics on social media to “really understand what’s going on”.

“News can get boring and complicated sometimes. I think these people [influencers] make it fun and easier to understand,” she says, adding the context and their own perspective help her form her opinions.

But the problem is, whose perspective is she getting?

PMO India / YouTube InfluencersPMO India / YouTubePM Modi congratulated Ranveer Allahbadia (left, known as BeerBiceps) and other influencers at a recent event

YouTuber Samdish Bhatia reveals numerous politicians have reached out to him, especially in the months before this election, offering him millions of rupees to interview them.

“But they wanted me to share questions in advance or get the video approved before it’s published,” he says, adding that he declined the offers because he “likes to maintain editorial control”.

The particular trend for longer form, slightly chummy interviews – where politicians get to show off their human side – is particularly vulnerable to management, says Joyojeet Pal, an associate professor at the University of Michigan.

“Many of these interviews are carefully managed by politicians,” Mr Pal says.

But even if they aren’t, a gentler style of questioning can also blur the line between interview and promotion, says Mr Pal.

“If your questions aren’t holding power to account, then the interview just becomes a platform for easy publicity.”

But for Mr Pal, this is just one of the problems he sees with politics on social media.

In a recent research paper, he examined some of India’s top influencers and who they interviewed, finding BJP leaders were featured more often than opposition leaders.

His research also found an overall drop in the number of accounts posting content critical of the incumbent government in recent years, while the amount of pro-BJP content had increased.

“This hints at a growing hesitancy among people to be openly critical of the government whereas there seems to be more confidence in putting up polarising content or content that supports the government’s ideologies,” Mr Pal says.

“And this is dangerous for democracy,” he adds.

Getty Images InfluencersGetty ImagesEven in the most remote areas, Indians have access to a mobile phone and internet

Influencers supporting the opposition certainly suggested they were working in a hostile environment.

A number who post content that’s critical of the government declined to speak to the BBC for this piece citing fear of repercussions by the government. They also run their channels under pseudonyms to keep their identities secret.

The Ranting Gola told the BBC that she has often received comments that are abusive or threatening because of the videos she posts and that her Instagram account has been disabled numerous times, even though the platform hasn’t given her a clear reason for doing so.

She also only spoke to the BBC on the condition that her name not be revealed.

The BJP government has denied allegations that it has clamped down on dissent and free speech.

But even pro-BJP YouTuber Sham Sharma told the BBC that freedom of speech could be a problem in India:

0:52YouTuber Sham Sharma talks about the positives and perils of sharing his views online.

But even given these concerns, opposition parties are using the same influencer system to reach voters in what they say is a difficult environment.

“The mainstream media has been taken over by the BJP,” alleges Supriya Srinate, who heads social media for the Congress party.

“Our funds have been frozen; we have no money to advertise,” she adds, referring to action taken by India’s tax department weeks before the elections. Congress leaders have accused the government of political vendetta, but the government has denied the allegation and said that the federal department was doing its job independently.

Influencers, Ms Srinate argues, are a good way to reach voters as a result of these alleged hurdles, explaining the Congress has been working with “volunteers” who believe in the party’s ideology and want to share its work on social media.

Ankit Lal, former political advisor of the opposition Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), agrees that influencers have helped democratise the publicity landscape.

Akash Banerjee, a former journalist who runs the YouTube channel, The DeshBhakt, argues that influencers are also able to push boundaries more than the traditional media can.

He cites the video ‘Is India becoming a dictatorship?’ – made by popular content creator Dhruv Rathee, who is based in Germany – which takes on the government directly, and has been viewed about 24 million times on YouTube so far. The government hasn’t reacted to the video yet.

“After the video, the term ‘dictatorship’ has popped up more in conversations, and this is something that has never happened before,” Mr Banerjee says.

“Our job as influencers may not be to open the window and check if it’s really raining, but we owe it to the nation to take a look outside the window and let people know if dark clouds are approaching and that they can do something about it by voting.”

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Bruises and broken ribs – Palestinian deaths in Israeli prisons

Supplied Abdulrahman MariAbdulrahman Mari died in an Israeli prison after 7 October

A few days after Hamas attacked Israel and war erupted in Gaza, Umm Mohamed in the occupied West Bank received a telephone call from her son in an Israeli prison.

“Pray for me mum,” Abdulrahman Mari said. “Things are getting harder here. They might not let me speak to you again”.

It would be the last time she heard his voice.

Conditions deteriorated for Palestinian prisoners in Israel after 7 October last year, when Hamas mounted its deadly assault on Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip, according to the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority’s (PA) Commission of Detainees Affairs.

Thirteen Palestinian prisoners have since died in Israeli prisons, “the majority of them as a result of beating or denial of medication”, the commission’s head, Qadoura Fares, told the BBC.

Abdulrahman was one of the first to die.

A carpenter in the village of Qarawat Bani Hassan, he had been on his way back home from work in Ramallah in February last year when he was arrested at a mobile checkpoint. He was taken into administrative detention – under which Israel can hold people indefinitely without charge – in Megiddo prison.

His brother Ibrahim said the charges against him were minor, such as taking part in protests and possessing a firearm, but said he was also accused of belonging to Hamas although there were no specific charges about any activities within the group.

Ibrahim is still trying to piece together how exactly his brother died. He has to rely on testimony from Abdulrahman’s former cellmates, as well as reports from court hearings.

One former cellmate, who spoke to the BBC on condition of anonymity, said: “After 7 October, it was total torture. They beat us for no reason, they searched us for no reason. Even if you look at someone the wrong way.”

He described having seen Abdulrahman heavily beaten in front of him and others.

“At 9am, they came into our cell, and began to beat us. One of the guards began to insult Abdulrahman’s parents, which he didn’t stand for, and he began to fight back.

“They beat him badly, and took him away to another cell upstairs for a week. During that time you could hear him crying out in pain.”

He said he had only found out about Abdulrahman’s death after he left prison a week later.

The Israeli prison service did not directly address the BBC’s questions about Abdulrahman’s death or those of the 12 other named Palestinians that the Commission of Detainees Affairs says have died, saying only: “We are not familiar with the claims described and as far as we know they are not true.”

Getty Images israeli vehicles in Balata in the west bankGetty ImagesIsrael has detained thousands of West Bank Palestinians since 7 October

Professor Danny Rosin, a doctor from the group Physicians for Human Rights, attended the examination of Abdulrahman Mari’s body. His remarks corroborate what Abdulrahman’s cellmate and brother told the BBC.

Prof Rosin’s report mentioned that bruises had been seen over Abdulrahman’s left chest, and that he had several broken ribs. External bruises were also seen on the back, buttocks, left arm and thigh, as well as the right side of the head and neck with no fractures underneath.

It also quoted an additional police report which had mentioned “forceful restraint” being used on Mr Mari six days before his death.

Professor Rosin said in the report that while no specific cause of death had been found, “one may assume that the violence he suffered manifested by the multiple bruises and multiple severe rib fractures contributed to his death”.

He also added that “irregular pulse” or a “heart attack” could result from these injuries without leaving any physical evidence.

Israel currently holds more than 9,300 security prisoners, the vast majority of whom are Palestinians according to the Israeli rights group HaMoked, including more than 3,600 people in administrative detention.

These figures do not include detainees from the Gaza Strip being held in separate facilities by the Israeli military.

Mr Qadoura says the change after 7 October “affected every aspect of the prisoners’ lives”, alleging that prisoners have been subjected to starvation and thirst and some of those with chronic illnesses were denied their medication. Beatings became more regular and more brutal.

“I met a detainee who’d lost 20kg in the last three months,” he said.

“It’s as if the war on Gaza was also a war on Palestinian prisoners. It was all a form of revenge.”

Yasser Hamdan and a pic of his son

Arafat Hamdan was dead within two days of his arrest

The BBC has previously heard from Palestinian prisoners who described being hit with sticks, having muzzled dogs set on them and having their clothes, food and blankets taken away in the weeks after 7 October.

The Israeli prison service has denied any mistreatment, saying that “all prisoners are held in accordance with the law while respecting their basic rights and under the supervision of a professional and skilled prison staff”.

It said prisons had gone into “emergency mode” after war broke out and it had been “decided to reduce the living conditions of the security prisoners”. Examples it gave included removing electrical equipment and cutting electricity to cells and reducing prisoners’ activities in the wings.

In the West Bank village of Beit Sira, Arafat Hamdan’s father showed where Israeli police officers had kicked the door of his family home and stormed in at 04:00 on 22 October looking for his son.

Police covered his son’s face with a thick black cloth and closed it around his neck with a rope. The mask smelled strongly, he said, and Arafat clearly had a hard time breathing with it on.

“I kept trying to comfort him.” Yasser Hamdan told the BBC. “It’s ok. They have nothing against you. They have nothing against us. I kept telling him that as they tied him up outside the house. Then they took him.”

Two days later a phone call came. Arafat had been found dead in his cell in Ofer prison in the West Bank.

Israeli authorities have not explained how he died. Arafat had Type 1 diabetes and would suffer from low blood sugar levels from time to time.

His father said one of the police officers arresting Arafat had told him to bring medicine with him, but it was unclear if he had been able to.

The BBC obtained a report by Dr Daniel Solomon, a surgeon who was present at the post mortem of Arafat Hamdan at the request of Physicians for Human Rights.

Dr Solomon said it had been carried out in Israel on 31 October but added that the condition of the body, due to prolonged refrigeration, had made it harder to determine the cause of death.

He also noted the absence of any records showing if Arafat’s diabetes medication had been administered and at what dosing.

The report also mentioned the need for other tests beyond the post mortem to determine the cause of death.

“Until now we don’t know how he died. Nothing is clear.” Yasser Hamdan said.

Umm Mohamed

Umm Mohammed said Abdulrahman had become a leader of his group of prisoners before his death

Neither Arafat’s nor Abdulrahman’s bodies have yet been returned. Their families want to arrange their own post mortems, hold funerals, and say a final goodbye.

“He was my flesh and blood. Then he was gone in a moment,” Yasser Hamdan said. Photos of his son were everywhere you looked in his apartment.

Umm Mohamed showed photos of Abdulrahman on her phone, pointing to one and saying: “Look at him. He was so cheerful.”

Over time he had become a leader in his group of prisoners, she said.

“He’d call me when he was making breakfast for them when they were all still asleep. He was always the most active. He would never sit still, that boy.”

She broke down. “Bring him back to me. I want to see him one last time. One last look.”

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Banjir Demak: Apa penyebabnya dan sampai kapan hujan ekstrem melanda?

Warga naik perahu di depan rumah yang terendam banjir di Desa Ketanjung, Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024)
Keterangan gambar,Warga naik perahu di depan rumah yang terendam banjir di Desa Ketanjung, Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024)

Banjir yang melanda Kabupaten Demak dan wilayah sekitarnya di Jawa Tengah hingga Selasa (19/03) menunjukkan bahwa infrastruktur pengendali banjir yang ada belum siap menghadapi cuaca ekstrem yang sejak lama telah diprediksi akan lebih sering terjadi.

“Kebanyakan banjir itu kan dari tanggul jebol satu-satu, pasti ada sesuatu yang ekstrem, deras, tidak bisa nampung. Akhirnya tanggul itu enggak kuat, satu per satu, beruntun,” kata Badan Riset Inovasi Nasional (BRIN) Erma Yulihastin kepada BBC News Indonesia.

Erma meyakini hujan ekstrem selama 10 hari itu dipicu oleh fenomena squall line atau “jalan tol hujan” di wilayah pantai utara Jawa. Meski Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) tak sependapat soal itu.

Namun terlepas dari apa pun pemicunya, Kepala Pusat Meteorologi Publik BMKG Andri Ramdhani mengatakan penting untuk memitigasi potensi cuaca ekstrem yang akan lebih sering terjadi seiring naiknya suhu global.

Keterangan video,Banjir Demak: Warga mengaku sangat lelah menghadapi banjir.

Dalam wawancara dengan BBC News Indonesia pada Senin (18/03), Kepala Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD) Demak, Agus Nugroho, mengatakan hampir seluruh wilayah di Kabupaten Demak tergenang banjir setelah enam tanggul sungai jebol karena “volume air yang sangat luar biasa”.

Tanggul-tanggul itu ternyata telah berusia puluhan hingga ratusan tahun, bahkan dibangun sejak era kolonial Belanda.

Imbasnya, lebih dari 95.000 orang terdampak dan sekitar 25.000 orang di antaranya mengungsi. Jalur Pantura ruas Demak – Kudus pun “lumpuh total” karena ketinggian air mencapai 1,5 meter. Kondisi itu membuat akses transportasi dan logistik menjadi terhambat.

Wartawan Nur Misno yang melaporkan untuk BBC News Indonesia di Demak mengungkapkan bahwa banjir kali ini berdampak lebih luas dan terasa “lebih parah” dibandingkan yang terjadi pada Februari lalu.

Wilayah yang terdampak paling parah, yakni Desa Ketanjung dan Desa Karanganyar, terendam dengan ketinggian air mencapai tiga meter.

Jalan-jalan protokol, masjid, hingga alun-alun di Kota Demak juga terendam sehingga mengganggu aktivitas ekonomi.

Sejauh ini Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) telah melakukan teknologi modifikasi cuaca (TMC) untuk mengurangi dampak banjir di Demak dan sekitaranya.

BMKG juga memprediksi bahwa cuaca ekstrem di Jawa Tengah akan mulai mereda dalam beberapa hari ke depan, meski masih ada potensi kembali terjadi hingga April mendatang.

Foto udara kondisi banjir yang merendam kawasan Alun-alun Demak di pusat kota Kabupaten Demak, Jawa Tengah, Selasa (19/3/2024).
Keterangan gambar,Foto udara kondisi banjir yang merendam kawasan Alun-alun Demak di pusat kota Kabupaten Demak, Jawa Tengah, Selasa (19/3/2024).

‘Dari banjir sebelumnya saja belum selesai bersih-bersih’

Rohmah Khodaryati, 39, tadinya berharap bisa menjalani ibadah puasa Ramadan dengan tenang. Tetapi gara-gara banjir, Rohmah terpaksa menjalani puasa di tempat pengungsian.

Tanggul Sungai Jeratun, yang berlokasi di dekat rumahnya di Desa Karanganyar, Demak, jebol pada Minggu (17/03) dini hari.

“Posisi bulan Ramadan kita dapat cobaan seperti ini. Inginnya kan khusyuk ibadah. Sekarang mau ke masjid saja enggak bisa, masjidnya kan kena air, kena banjir,” kata Rohmah kepada wartawan yang melaporkan untuk BBC News Indonesia.

Ini adalah kali kedua Rohmah terdampak banjir pada tahun ini, setelah sebelumnya tanggul yang sama juga jebol pada Februari lalu. Namun banjir kali ini, menurutnya, “lebih parah” dari sebelumnya.

Rumah Rohmah terendam setinggi 1,5 meter. Sementara di beberapa titik lainnya di desanya ada yang tergenang hingga tiga meter.

Kali ini, masyarakat desa telah diperingatkan untuk siaga sejak tiga hari sebelumnya melalui pengeras suara di musala.

“Siaga pertama itu cuma rembes, kedua juga seperti itu. Yang ketiga itu warga diminta untuk penguatan tanggul, tapi pada posisi sekitar jam dua dan jam tiga [dini hari] itu sudah enggak bisa. Akhirnya tanggul jebol,” kenang Rohmah.

“Ya sudah, air masuk begitu derasnya itu, langsung naik, naik, naik.”

Warga berdiri di depan tenda darurat tempatnya mengungsi di area tanggul Sungai Wulan, Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024).
Keterangan gambar,Banjir yang terjadi setelah tanggul Sungai Wulan di Demak jebol membuat warga harus mengungsi pada Minggu (17/3/2024).

Rohmah awalnya sempat bertahan di lantai dua rumahnya. Namun pagi harinya, air justru kian tinggi.

“Akhirnya saya mengungsi ke daerah seberang yang belum terdampak, tapi di seberang jalan itu posisinya juga dikejar air. Ada Tim SAR mendekat ke tempat saya mengungsi itu, jadi saya ikut ke sini [tempat pengungsian],” tutur Rohmah.

Namun, perahu karet SAR diprioritaskan untuk lansia dan orang-orang yang sakit. Rohmah pun berjalan menggunakan pelampung dan tali yang diikat ke perahu karet sejauh satu kilometer.

Rohmah mengaku sangat lelah menghadapi banjir.

“Kondisi rumah ya morat-marit ke mana-mana. Dari banjir sebelumnya saja belum selesai bersih-bersih lumpurnya. Ini kedatangan lagi, semoga saja barang-barangnya tidak ke mana-mana,” kata Rohmah.

Dia berharap pemerintah bisa mencari solusi jangka panjang agar masyarakat tidak lagi harus berhadapan dengan banjir akibat tanggul jebol.

“Kalau saat ini, ya mungkin ndak mungkin karena kondisinya masih musim penghujan, dikuatkan seperti apa pun ndak bisa sekuat itu. Harapannya ya semoga pemerintah tetap memperhatikan kami yang dekat dengan sungai-sungai besar itu, bagaimana solusinya nanti ke depannya,” kata Rohmah.

Foto udara pekerja mengoperasikan mesin pengeruk (excavator) guna menutup tanggul Sungai Wulan yang jebol di Desa Ketanjung, Kecamatan Karanganyar, Kabupaten Demak, Jawa Tengah, Senin (18/3/2024).
Keterangan gambar,Foto udara pekerja mengoperasikan mesin pengeruk (excavator) guna menutup tanggul Sungai Wulan yang jebol di Desa Ketanjung, Kecamatan Karanganyar, Kabupaten Demak, Jawa Tengah, Senin (18/3/2024).

‘Kalau seperti ini terus, Demak tidak bisa kering’

Kepala Pelaksana BPBD Demak, Agus Nugroho mengaku “putus asa” apabila tanggul-tanggul yang jebol tidak segera diperbaiki. Pada Senin, hanya tinggal satu kecamatan di wilayah Demak yang belum terdampak banjir.

“Kami terus terang sudah putus asa. Kalau sampai tanggul Sungai Lusi, Desa Bugel, Kecamatan Godong itu tidak segera ditutup, maka Demak akan tenggelam, benar-benar akan tenggelam,” kata Agus kepada BBC News Indonesia.

Warga melintasi jalan Pantura yang terendam banjir di Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024).
Keterangan gambar,Warga melintasi jalan Pantura yang terendam banjir di Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024).

Menurutnya, upaya perbaikan tanggul-tanggul yang dilakukan oleh Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat (PUPR) sejauh ini “belum maksimal”.

“Masih mudah kena air, jebol lagi, jebol lagi. Kalau yang seperti ini berlanjut terus, Demak tidak akan pernah bisa kering karena air yang mengalir dari atas melalui Sungai Lusi dan Sungai Wulan itu sudah luar biasa volumenya,” kata Agus.

BBC News Indonesia telah menghubungi Juru bicara Kementerian PUPR Endra Atmawijaya, namun belum ada tanggapan sampai berita ini ditulis.

Grafik banjir Jawa Tengah

Sejauh ini, Penjabat Gubernur Jawa Tengah Nana Sudjana mengatakan penutupan tanggul jebol tengah diupayakan oleh Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai (BBWS).

Tanggul-tanggul itu ditargetkan akan selesai diperbaiki pada akhir pekan ini.

Sementara itu, BMKG dan BNPB juga akan memperpanjang operasi teknologi modifikasi cuaca (TMC) untuk mengurangi dampak banjir di wilayah Jawa Tengah, khususnya Demak dan Kudus.

“Operasi TMC ini semula berakhir tanggal 20 Maret 2024, tetapi melihat genangan banjir di Kabupaten Demak dan Kudus ini, maka akan diperpanjang,” kata Kepala BNPB Letjen TNI Suharyanto dikutip dari Kantor Berita Antara.

Apa penyebabnya dan mengapa terasa ‘lebih parah’?

Kepala Pusat Meteorologi Publik BMKG Andri Ramdhani menuturkan cuaca ekstrem kali ini dipicu oleh fenomena atmosfer yakni Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) yang juga dipengaruhi oleh tiga bibit siklon tropis.

Menurutnya, dampak banjir di Demak terasa “lebih parah” dibandingkan pada Februari lalu karena saat cuaca ekstrem terjadi, kondisi air laut juga sedang pasang maksimum mencapai 165 cm.

“Ketika hujan ada peningkatan, dari laut juga naik sehingga air limpasan tidak bisa mengalir ke laut,” kata dia.

Belum lagi faktor drainase di sekitarnya yang tidak memadai untuk menyerap limpasan air sehingga banjir terasa lebih parah.

Pendapat berbeda soal pemicu cuaca ekstrem disampaikan oleh peneliti klimatologi BRIN Erma Yulihastin.

Menurut Erma, cuaca ekstrem selama sekitar 10 hari belakangan di Jawa Tengah “tidak lain dan tidak bukan dipicu oleh squall line” di area yang dia sebut sebagai Tanjung Jepara.

Squall line atau yang dia sebut sebagai “jalan tol hujan” merupakan sistem badai yang terbentuk dari pertumbuhan awan secara horizontal.

Tanjung Jepara yang dia maksud adalah wilayah di utara Jawa Tengah dari Demak hingga Jepara yang lebih menjorok ke laut.

“Di Laut Jawa itu langsung tiba-tiba ada garis panjang gitu kan, warnanya merah semua, langsung tiba-tiba hujan dengan intensitas tinggi di situ. Beda dengan penjalaran hujan biasa,” jelas Erma.

Hujan ekstrem yang intens selama 10 hari itu dinilai berkontribusi pada jebolnya tanggul.

Dalam ancaman seperti ini, Erma mengingatkan bahwa kota-kota pesisir lah yang paling terdampak dan perlu dilindungi.

Perubahan iklim, sambung dia, dapat menyebabkan hujan badai semacam ini kian sering terjadi dan makin mengancam kota-kota pesisir.

“Apa yang terjadi selama 10 hari didera hujan deras secara intensif, itulah yang menyebabkan kawasan pesisir bisa hancur. Semua kota-kota pesisir bisa terancam ketika badai meningkat,” kata Erma.

Menanggapi analisis Erma, Andri mengatakan “perlu kajian lebih dalam untuk menentukan secara spesifik apakah itu adalah squall line“.

“Apapun itu, kami sudah identifikasi ada peluang cuaca ekstrem dan yang penting adalah peringatannya sampai ke masyarakat kemudian responsnya seperti apa untuk menghadapi situasi terseut,” tutur Andri.

Sampai kapan cuaca ekstrem akan terjadi di Jawa Tengah?

Relawan gabungan mengevakuasi warga korban banjir dengan perahu karet di Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024).
Keterangan gambar,Relawan gabungan mengevakuasi warga korban banjir dengan perahu karet di Karanganyar, Demak, Jawa Tengah, Minggu (17/3/2024).

BMKG mengatakan cuaca ekstrem masih berpotensi terjadi hingga April mendatang, meski ada kemungkinan periodenya terjadi secara singkat.

Namun dalam beberapa hari ke depan, dia menyebut intensitas cuaca ekstrem di Jawa Tengah akan mulai mereda.

“Pantauan kami paling tidak hingga tanggal 23 Maret masih ada potensi, tapi kami akan update dan pantau kembali,” kata Andri Ramdani dari BMKG.

Apabila eskalasinya meningkat, Andri menuturkan BMKG akan kembali melakukan modifikasi cuaca untuk mengurangi dampak banjir.

Terlepas dari situasi saat ini, Andri mengatakan intensitas terjadinya cuaca ekstrem sudah semakin sering dan meningkat.

“Kita harus bersiap menghadapi itu. Mau tidak mau, kita harus sadari bahwa terjadi pemanasan global,” kata dia.

Cuaca ektrem ini tidak cuma menyebabkan bencana hidrometerorologi seperti banjir dan longsor. Namun pada musim kemarau, juga dapat menyebabkan kekeringan.

Perbaikan infrastruktur pengendali banjir

Erma mengingatkan agar pemerintah membangun infrastruktur yang dapat memproteksi wilayah-wilayah rentan banjir semacam ini, terutama wilayah pesisir.

“Kemudian dicek semua tanggul-tanggul, apabila ada tanggul yang membutuhkan penanganan segera, kondisinya kritis. Dana-dana infrastruktur harus disiapkan untuk itu,” kata Erma.

Selain itu perlu untuk mengecek kondisi sungai dari hulu ke hilir, apakah mengalami pendangkalan, sedimentasi atau penyempitan daerah aliran sungai.

Dihubungi terpisah, Abdul Muhari dari BNPB mengatakan pihaknya telah mengingatkan pemerintah daerah dan Kementerian PUPR untuk mengaudit infrastruktur perairan.

Pasalnya, tanggul-tanggul tua seperti yang jebol pada kasus banjir Demak dinilai sudah tidak lagi menghadapi beban yang harus ditanggung saat ini.

“Tentu saja saat tanggul itu dibangun tidak memperhitungkan tekanan populasi seperti sekarang,” kata Abdul Muhari.

“Sangat banyak infrastruktur perairan kita, tanggul-tanggul sungai yang sudah cukup tua dan perlu diremajakan,” sambungnya.

Untuk jangka panjang, Abdul juga mengatakan perlu membenahi drainase di perkotaan hingga restorasi ekosistem di hulu sungai untuk memastikan tersedia area resapan yang mencukupi. https://tehopeng.com/

Pattie Boyd reveals ‘love triangle’ letters from George Harrison and Eric Clapton

Pattie Boyd and George Harrison
Image caption,Pattie Boyd was married to Beatles star George Harrison in 1966

By Mark Savage

Music correspondent, BBC News

Model Pattie Boyd is selling letters that lift the lid on her notorious love triangle with guitarist Eric Clapton and Beatles star George Harrison.

Boyd was a muse to both men in the 1960s and 70s, inspiring Harrison’s classic song Something and Clapton’s hits Wonderful Tonight and Layla.

Initially married to the Beatle, she was pursued by his close friend Clapton in a series of passionate love letters.

Now she is auctioning notes from both men, along with other possessions.

Boyd met the Beatles when she was cast in their 1964 film A Hard Day’s Night and instantly felt a connection with Harrison, their famously “quiet” guitarist.

“He was quite shy, like me. I think that’s why we got on,” she said in an interview published on the website of auction house Christie’s.

Eric Clapton and Pattie Boyd
Image caption,Clapton wrote several songs for Boyd, including Layla and Wonderful Tonight

They dated for two years before marrying in January 1966, during which time the Beatles were often away on tour,

“George was so adorable when he was away,” she said. “He missed me, and I missed him terribly, and he would write amazing letters and wonderful postcards.”

One note in the auction sees Harrison write: “Hope you’re OK. I miss you. I’m starving – many grilled cheese sandwiches. Love you.”

Clapton was a frequent guest at the couple’s house in Surrey but, unbeknown to Harrison, harboured feelings for Boyd.

‘Is there is still a feeling in your heart for me?’

In 1970, he sent her a letter in impeccably neat, angular longhand. “I am writing this letter to you, with the main purpose of ascertaining your feelings towards a subject well known to both of us,” it began.

“What I wish to ask you is if you still love your husband?” he continued. “All these questions are very impertinent, I know, but if there is still a feeling in your heart for me… you must let me know!”

“Don’t telephone! Send a letter… That is much safer.”

Eric Clapton's letter to Pattie Boyd
Image caption,Eric Clapton’s letter to Pattie Boyd

Boyd initially thought the letter was from a fan, only realising the truth when Clapton phoned her later that day.

A second letter was written several months later, on a page Clapton had torn from a copy of John Steinbeck’s novel Of Mice and Men.

‘Take me, I am yours’

“Dear Layla,” Clapton began, using his nickname for Boyd. “Why do you hesitate, am I a poor lover, am I ugly, am I too weak, too strong, do you know why?

“If you want me, take me, I am yours… if you don’t want me, please break the spell that binds me. To cage a wild animal is a sin, to tame him is divine. My love is yours.”

He later wrote the rock standard Layla for Boyd.

“It was so beautiful and so magical,” Boyd recalled. “I was so flattered, but I was also so worried that George would work out why Eric had written this song.”

Boyd originally rebuffed Clapton’s advances but, after her marriage faltered in the early 1970s, the musician invited Boyd to join him on tour.

Their romance flourished and they married in 1979 – with the blessing of Harrison, who took to calling Clapton his “husband-in-law”.

Ultimately, however, Clapton’s alcoholism and infidelity undermined the marriage, and they divorced in 1989.

A hand-drawn Christmas card from George Harrison to Pattie Boyd, from 1968
Image caption,A hand-drawn Christmas card from George Harrison to Pattie Boyd, from 1968

Boyd, the daughter of a retired RAF bomber pilot, was a famous fashion model in the 1960s before turning her attention to photography.

She will sell her memorabilia including letters, paintings, photographs, jewellery and fashion next month.

Among the lots is a doodle by Harrison, in which he drew himself sitting beneath an apple tree, and a Christmas card he made for her in 1968.

“I’ve had them all for so many years – far too long,” Boyd, who turns 80 this year, told The Telegraph. “I thought, why don’t I just sell everything and let everybody else enjoy it?”

The sale will be led by the the painting La jeune fille au bouquet by Emile Théodore Frandsen de Schomberg – which served as the cover for the 1970 album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs by Clapton’s band Derek and the Dominoes.

Clapton had originally bought the painting from the artist’s son because the model’s blonde hair and alluring almond eyes reminded him of Boyd. It is expected to sell for between £40,000 and £60,000.

Boyd told the Telegraph she sought Clapton’s permission before selling the possessions.

“He asked if I was selling the Layla painting, and I said yes,” she said. “He said, ‘Maybe there are other things you could sell as well.’ So he’s absolutely fine with me auctioning everything.”https://tehopeng.com/

India v England: Jurel, Ashwin and Kuldeep inspire Ranchi fightback

Stokes is dismissed
Ben Stokes was one of Kuldeep Yadav’s four victims

England’s hopes of forcing a series decider faded dramatically in the face of a stirring India fightback on day three of the fourth Test in Ranchi.

With dogged lower-order resistance and spin bowling of the highest quality, India turned the match on its head. From beginning Sunday 134 behind with only three first-innings wickets in hand, the hosts ended 40-0 in pursuit of 192 to take an unassailable 3-1 lead.

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They were dragged to 307 by Dhruv Jurel’s 90. The wicketkeeper, crucially dropped on 59 by Ollie Robinson, added 76 with Kuldeep Yadav and another 40 with number 10 Akash Deep.

Off-spinner Shoaib Bashir ended with 5-119, at 20 years and 135 days the second-youngest England bowler to claim a five-wicket haul in Test cricket.

England’s lead was a precious 46, every run of which seemed vital as India’s spinners conjured tricks from the surface on a riveting, tension-filled afternoon.

Zak Crawley’s attractive 60 and Jonny Bairstow’s counter-punching 30 were invaluable. No-one else passed 17 in England’s 145, Ravichandran Ashwin magnificent for 5-51 and Kuldeep unerring in his 4-22.

India were given 25 minutes to bat before the close and used them to great effect, scoring at five an over. Captain Rohit Sharma has 24 and Yashasvi Jaiswal 16.

Somehow, England need an instant rally on the fourth morning to keep the series alive.

Series on the line after super Sunday

This was a compelling day of Test cricket, in keeping with what would be most expected of the game in this country: an attritional first innings followed by a rush to the conclusion as the spinners wreak havoc in the second.

For as well as England’s Bashir and Tom Hartley have bowled, India’s slow trio were able to extract so much from the surface.

To the delight of the biggest and noisiest crowd of the Test so far, every ball was an event.

For once, there is an argument to make that England were not aggressive enough. Ben Duckett, Ben Stokes and Bairstow were all victims of tame dismissals. In mitigation, these were the most difficult batting conditions of the tour.

England’s run-rate of 2.69 was comfortably their slowest since Stokes became captain. All except three of the 53.5 overs in their second innings were bowled by India’s spinners, who revelled in the sharp turn and untrustworthy bounce.

England opened with the spin of Joe Root and Hartley, the latter struggling with his line and four times clipped to the boundary by Rohit.

India will start Monday as favourites to wrap up the series, but England will hope they can use the pitch to turn the fifth Test in Dharamsala into a decider.

Ravichandran Ashwin
Ashwin’s five-wicket haul was his 35th in Tests, equalling Anil Kumble’s record for the most by an India bowler

England spun out

Any sort of flying start from England could have been enough to seal the match. Instead Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja shared the new ball to indicate the ordeal that lay ahead.

Duckett prodded Ashwin to short leg and Ollie Pope was completely befuddled by a carrom ball to be leg before for a golden duck. Pope has bagged a pair in this match, facing only three deliveries in the process.

Crawley fought back with style, peppering the extra-cover boundary. He added 46 with Root, who was aggrieved to be lbw playing across Ashwin, and another 45 with Bairstow.

But Crawley was bowled trying to force Kuldeep against the spin, sparking a collapse of five wickets for 23 runs. Stokes played on via his pad, Hartley swiped to mid-on and Robinson’s poor day continued when he was leg-before for a duck, all to Kuldeep.

In between, Bairstow softly patted Jadeja to short cover from the first ball after tea, meaning England lost their last proper weapon capable of pressurising the relentless India bowling.

Ben Foakes and Bashir resisted for more than 12 overs, adding only 12 runs in the process. Foakes survived 75 balls for his 17, then chipped his 76th delivery back to Ashwin, whose first five-wicket haul of the series was sealed by Jurel’s reaction catch from a James Anderson reverse-sweep.

Jurel digs in

If India do complete the turnaround they owe so much to Jurel, the 23-year-old playing only his second Test and possibly only holding a place behind the stumps until Rishabh Pant returns to fitness.

At 177-7 on Saturday, India could have conceded a huge lead. Jurel and Kuldeep battled to 219-7 overnight, with Jurel resuming on 30 on Sunday.

The early conditions were benign, Robinson again struggled for bite and the eighth-wicket pair added 34 runs before Anderson got Kuldeep to chop on for 28.

England did well to contain the scoring, conceding only two boundaries in the first hour, but the life given to Jurel could prove to be match-defining. A clip off the toes at Bashir should have been held at head-height by Robinson at mid-wicket – India were still 87 behind at the time.

With Deep for company, Jurel farmed the strike and played big shots when given the chance – twice Bashir was hit for six. Deep also swung a six of his own, before Bashir skipped one into the pads to complete his first five-wicket haul in professional cricket.

Jurel continued towards a century, heaving Hartley over the leg-side rope, only to play all around the same man and be bowled 10 runs short of three figures.

‘On that pitch, anything is possible’ – reaction

England bowler Shoaib Bashir on TNT Sports: “I want to dedicate this [five-wicket haul] to my two late grandads who passed away around a year and a half ago, they loved Test cricket and their wish was for me to play. I’m so grateful.

“We’d have liked one or two wickets in that period at the end but we’ve got a big job to do tomorrow. On that pitch, anything is possible.”

India bowler Ravichandran Ashwin on TNT Sports: “I enjoy bowling with the new ball and today was another of those days.

“We showed phenomenal character. Kuldeep was brilliant today. Jurel’s defence was gun and he showed great composure, we were very calm in the dressing room. For just his second Test, he had a great game plan and it gave us a huge lift.”

Former England captain Michael Vaughan: “India have once again found a way of having a dominant day that looks likely to win them this Test and the series.

“England’s bad days are really, really bad – and that looks likely to cost them.”https://tehopeng.com/